Chapter 10 Learning Objectives:

"Our political problem now is 'Can we, as a nation, continue together permanently—forever—half slave, and half free?' The problem is too mighty for me. May God, in his mercy, superintend the solution."

Abraham Lincoln to George Robertson, August 15, 1855 (

Section 10-1 "The Divisive Politics of Slavery" (pp. 304-309)
Senator Henry Clay presents the Compromise of 1850 to the U.S. Senate

  1. Describe the growing differences between the North and South in their economies and ways of life.
  2. Explain why the Wilmot Proviso failed to pass and why the issue of California statehood became so important.
  3. Analyze how the efforts of Clay, Webster, and Douglas produced the Compromise of 1850 and a temporary halt to talk of secession.

Section 10-2 "Protest, Resistance, and Violence" (pp. 310-317)

  1. Describe the provisions of the Fugitive Slave Law and how abolitionists and the Underground Railroad succeeded in defying this law.
  2. Explain how Douglas's desire for a northern transcontinental railroad route helped.
  3. Describe the Missouri Compromise and the Compromise of 1850.
  4. Describe the violence that occurred in Kansas in the fight over establishing slavery in the territory.

Section 10-3 "The Birth of the Republican Party" (pp. 318-323)

A poster dated April 24, 1851 warning colored people in Boston to beware of authorities who acted as slave catchers. (

  1. Identify the political parties that emerged as the North and the South forged new political a lliances.
  2. Explain the reasons that led voters to align with a particular party and why Buchanan won the election of 1856.

Section 10-4 "Slavery and Secession" (pp. 324-333)

  1. Explain the impact of the Dred Scott decision and the Lecompton Constitution on the political crisis over slavery.
  2. Explain why Douglas believed that popular sovereignty was the key to slavery and why Lincoln believed Free-Soil legislation was required for voters to remove slavery.
  3. Describe the events at Harpers Ferry and their effect on the North and South.
  4. Describe the events that led to Lincoln's election and the establishment of the Confederate States of America.

Chapter 10 Power Point Presentations

Chapter 10 Video Resources

"The Underground Railroad" (

"John Brown's Raid" (

Chapter 10 Assignments:

In-Class Assignments
Reading Assignments
Readings are due the next school day unless noted otherwise
Homework Assignments
Assignments are due the next school day unless noted otherwise
  • Read Section 10-1 pp. 304-309 in class.
  • Answer the following question in a two paragraph (minimum 10 sentences) response: Was the Compromise of 1850 doomed to fail? Why or why not? Cite specific terms of the Compromise in your response. Email responses when finished.
  • Review the differences between the North and South
  • Review the terms of the Wilmot Proviso
  • Analyze the terms of the Compromise of 1850
  • Read Section 10-2 pp. 310-317.
  • No written assignment.
  • Describe the provisions of the Fugitive Slave Act and ways northern states tried to get around it
  • Kansas-Nebraska Act Interactive Map
  • Discuss the terms of the Kansas-Nebraska Act and how it led to "Bleeding Kansas"
  • Read Section 10-3 pp. 318-321.
  • Review Section 10-3 Assignment
  • Begin working on Section 10-4 homework assignment if time allows
  • Read Section 10-3 pp. 318-321 and Section 10-4 pp. 324-331
  • As you read Section 10-4, note the significance of the events below and if they were supported by pro-slavery forces or anti-slavery forces. Email your answers when finished.
    • The Dred Scott decision
    • The Lincoln-Douglas debates
    • John Brown's raid on Harper's Ferry, Virginia
    • John Brown's hanging
    • Abraham Lincoln's election in 1860
  • Discuss answers to 10-4 assignment
  • Review Chapter 10
  • Read Section 11-1 pp. 347-345
  • Chapter 10 Quiz on Friday, 2.6.15
  • Chapter 10 Quiz Today
  • Read Section 11-2 pp. 347-350
  • No written assignment

Chapter 10 Quiz Review Terms:

  • Wilmot Proviso
  • Compromise of 1850 / Henry Clay / Stephen Douglas
  • Popular Sovereignty
  • Examples of Northern Resistance to the Fugitive Slave Act
  • Uncle Tom's Cabin / Harriett Beecher Stowe
  • Underground Railroad
  • Harriet Tubman
  • Kansas-Nebraska Act
  • Border Ruffians
  • Bleeding Kansas
  • John Brown
  • Know-Nothing Party
  • Free-Soil Party
  • Republican Party
  • Dred Scott Decision
  • Freeport Doctrine
  • John Brown's Raid at Harper's Ferry, VA
  • Lincoln's View of Slavery
  • Election of 1860
  • Secession
  • Jefferson Davis