Chapter 14 Learning Objectives

To analyze the effects of various scientific discoveries and manufacturing innovations on the nature of work, the American labor movement, and businesses.

SECTION 1 "The Expansion of Industry" (pp. 436-441)
  1. Explain how the abundance of natural resources, new recovery and refining methods, and new uses for them led to intensive industrialization. factory-workers.jpg
  2. Identify inventions that changed the way people lived and worked.

SECTION 2 "The Age of the Railroads"(pp. 442-446)
  1. Identify the role of the railroads in unifying the country.
  2. List positive and negative effects of railroads on the nation's economy.
  3. Summarize reasons for, and outcomes of, the demand for railroad reform.

SECTION 3 "Big Business and Labor" (pp.447-455)
  1. Identify management and business strategies that contributed to the success of business tycoons such as Andrew Carnegie.
  2. Explain Social Darwinism and its effects on society.
  3. Summarize the emergence and growth of unions.
  4. Explain the violent reactions of industry and government to union strikes.

Chapter 14 Assignments

In-Class Assignments
Readings are due the next school day, unless noted otherwise
Homework Assignments
Assignments are due the next school day, unless noted otherwise
  • Answer the questions below (over 14-1) in your notes:
    • What factors led the U.S. to experience an industrial boom after the Civil War?
    • What natural resources played a crucial role in industrial development?
    • Describe at least 3 inventions (and their inventors) that contributed to industrial development.
    • How did an increased population help industrial growth?
  • Read Sections 14-1 and 14-2
  • No written assignment
  • Read this article and list the effects of the transcontinental railroad
  • Discuss Section 14-2
  • Read Section 14-3 pp. 447-455. For each term listed below, answer A) what is it? and B) how did it help business tycoons?
    • Vertical Integration
    • Horizontal Integration
    • Social Darwinism
    • Monopoly
  • Read Section 14-3
  • Chapters 13-14 Quiz tomorrow
  • Quiz over Chapters 13-14 Today
  • Read Section 15-1

Chapter 14 Study Terms:

  • Factors contributing to industrial boom
  • Bessemer Process
  • Edwin Drake
  • Interstate Commerce Act
  • Sherman Antitrust Act
  • Credit Mobilier
  • Monopoly
  • Vertical Integration
  • Andrew Carnegie
  • Social Darwinism
  • Samuel Gompers
  • Industrial Workers of the World
  • Eugene Debs

Chapter 14 Power Point Presentations